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The staff on the farm were categorised into farmers and artisans, of which the farmers were sub-categorised as stablehands and field workers. The artisans included two joiners and carpenters, a blacksmith, a saddler, a painter, a butter-maker, a storekeeper, a butcher, and a coachman and driver. Nellmapius decided to build his homestead about one kilometre west of where the Irene Country Club is today. The Erasmus brothers built a water-furrow that was fed by a dam upstream toward Rietvlei. The year after Nellmapius’s arrival he extended the water-furrow, which he used to irrigate his orchards, gardens and vegetable gardens using gravity.

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